Vedic Books Product Explorer Explore more books in. E-Mail Address:. Tell someone you know about this book. Gautama Buddha and the Dhammapada. Jyotish Shastra mein Roga Vichara. Vaisnava Tilakas. The Origin and Development of the Bengali Language 3 vols.
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Jyotish Praveshika. Medicinal Values of Indian Spices. Radhakrishnan is the former President of India.
THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA
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Vedic Books Product Explorer Explore more books in. E-Mail Address:. Tell someone you know about this book. During his life, he had experienced intensive pleasure and extreme deprivation but he found that neither extreme brought one to true understanding. He then practiced meditation through deep concentration Dhyana under a bodhi tree and found Enlightenment.
He began teaching the Four Noble Truths to others in order to help them achieve transcendent happiness and peace of mind through the knowledge and practice that is known today as Buddhism. These Four Noble Truths, monks, are actual, unerring, not otherwise.
Therefore, they are called noble truths. Samyutta Nikaya Buddha believed that dukkha ultimately arose from ignorance and false knowledge. While dukkha is usually defined as suffering, "mental dysfunction" is closer to the original meaning.
In a similar vein, Huston Smith explains dukkha by using the metaphor of a shopping cart that we "try to steer from the wrong end" or bones that have gone "out of joint" Smith, , p. Because of such a mental misalignment, all movement, thoughts and creation that flow out can never be wholly satisfactory. In short, we can never be completely happy.
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The Eightfold Path is a practical and systematic way out of ignorance, eliminating dukkha from our minds and our lifestyle through mindful thoughts and actions. It is presented as a whole system, but the three paths associated with the area of mental cultivation are particularly relevant to the happiness that we can find in equanimity, or peace of mind.
If by leaving a small pleasure one sees a great pleasure, let a wise person leave the small pleasure and look to the great. Buddhism pursues happiness by using knowledge and practice to achieve mental equanimity. In Buddhism, equanimity, or peace of mind, is achieved by detaching oneself from the cycle of craving that produces dukkha. So by achieving a mental state where you can detach from all the passions, needs and wants of life, you free yourself and achieve a state of transcendent bliss and well-being.
As described in the first verse of the Dhammapada, for Buddha, mental dysfunction begins in the mind. The Buddha encouraged his followers to pursue "tranquility" and "insight" as the mental qualities that would lead to Nirvana , the Ultimate Reality. As mentioned earlier, the Eightfold Path as a whole is said to help one achieve these qualities. In particular, the areas of mental cultivation, which include right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration, are the mental skills and tools used for achieving happiness.
The Buddha once described the mind as a wild horse. In the Eightfold Path, he recommends practicing "right effort" by first avoiding and then clearing our minds of negative, unwholesome thoughts. Once that is achieved, one perfects a wholesome, tranquil state of mind through the practice of positive thinking.